'''John Cleland''' (''baptised'' 24 September 1709 – 23 January 1789) was an England|English novelist
best known as the author of ''Fanny Hill|Fanny Hill: or, the Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure
John Cleland was the oldest son of William Cleland (soldier)|William Cleland
(1673/4 – 1741) and Lucy Cleland (née DuPass). He was born in Kingston upon Thames
but grew up in London
, where his father was first an officer in the British Army
and then a civil service|civil servant
. William Cleland was a friend to Alexander Pope
, and Lucy Cleland was a friend or acquaintance of Pope, Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke|Viscount Bolingbroke
, Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield|Chesterfield
, and Horace Walpole
. The family possessed wealth and moved among the finest literary and artistic circles of London.
John Cleland entered Westminster School
in 1721, but he...